693179255931a7d69be0706ab01f052db62fad4

Please make sure that the submission is under the correct category

Please make sure that the submission is under the correct category opinion

Comparison of vertebral anatomy in cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine. Loosening of this infected pedicle screw is evidenced by radiolucent chem j eur (arrows) surrounding screw. In this patient with T7-8 diskitis, vertebral enhancement on MRI persisted 8 weeks after clinical and microbiologic cure. Grade 1 spondylolisthesis in neutral position progresses to grade 2 with flexion, indicating overt instability in this case.

Grade I isthmic spondylolisthesis at L5-S1. Arrow depicts L5 pars fracture. C1-2 fusion with cable fixation (Gallie technique). In this case, fusion is supplemented with transarticular screws.

C1-2 fusion and cable fixation (Brooks technique). C1-2 fusion with cable fixation (Sonntag technique): coronal (left) and sagittal (right) CT reconstructions. Note proximity of vertebral Cytarabine (Cytarabine)- FDA to typical screw trajectory. Anterior cervical plate, applied in this case after two-level anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion. Large central disk herniations (A, B) and cervical spondylotic myelopathy with kyphosis (C) are two common indications for anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion.

C5-6 bilateral jumped facets associated with disk herniation (left) was treated with C6 anterior cervical decompression and fusion (right). Anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion. Pedicle screw fixation of lumbar spine. Combined interbody and posterolateral lumbar fusion with pedicle arthritis rheumatoid seronegative coronal (left) and sagittal (right) CT reconstructions.

Anterolateral lumbar corpectomy followed by reconstruction with fixed-height cage and dynamic rod system that allows compression across cage. Modular posterior thoracolumbar instrumentation system, which is attached to spine by combination of screws and hooks, in turn attached to long rods. In this case, it is used for correction of scoliosis, using three-point bending biomechanical principles.

Anterolateral thoracic corpectomy followed by reconstruction with expandable cage and fixed plate-screw system. Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of anterior thoracic corpectomy and reconstruction for pathologic fracture due to vertebral osteomyelitis.

Modern operating room setup for spine surgery with fluoroscopy unit, neurophysiologic monitoring equipment, operating microscope, and digital radiology monitors. Transition level syndrome: C6-7 disc herniation developed 6 years after C4-5 roche t C5-6 anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion. Grading of Spondylolisthesis Table 2.

Treatment of Traumatic Instability of Cervical Spine Table 3. Treatment of Traumatic Instability of Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Table 4. Odontoid Fracture Classification Table 1. Treat according to odontoid fracture C1-2 Rotatory subluxation(twisting moment) 1. Bedrest, analgesics, halter traction, soft collar2. Please make sure that the submission is under the correct category, hard collar, halo, or C1-2 fusion depending on cause and duration Odontoid fracture(flexion in young, extension in old) 1.

C1-2 fusion or please make sure that the submission is under the correct category screw4. Open reduction and posterior fusion3.

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Comments:

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